Adverse or Performance-Based Actions

Non-probationary employees and officers of GAO may be subjected to an adverse action such as removal, suspension for more than 14 days, reduction in pay or grade or furlough for 30 days or less only for such cause as will promote the efficiency of GAO. 4 C.F.R. §7.6(a). An employee against whom such an adverse action is proposed is entitled to:

(1) 30 days advance written notice (unless there is reasonable cause to believe that the employee has committed a crime for which a sentence of imprisonment may be imposed) stating the specific reasons for the proposed action;

(2) A reasonable time (at least 7 days) to answer orally and in writing and to furnish affidavits and other documents in support of the answer;

(3) Be represented by an attorney or other representative; and

(4) A written decision and the specific reasons therefore at the earliest practicable date.

Performance-based actions include such things as demotions, reductions in pay, or removals when the actions are based on performance criteria. Employees against whom an adverse action has been proposed for performance-related reasons may also be accorded additional protections consistent with 4 C.F.R. §4.3.
GAO employees who are not members of the Senior Executive Service and against whom an adverse action has been taken may appeal that action to the GAO Personnel Appeals Board, by filing a charge with the PAB/OGC.

Usually, a Charge arising from an adverse action must be filed within 30 days from the effective date of the action. Additional information on how to file an adverse action charge is available at How to File an Adverse Action Charge.